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Year 2018, Volume 2, Issue 2, 51 - 60, 29.12.2018
https://doi.org/10.38088/jise.456673

Abstract

References

  • [1] IPCC. (2001). Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation & Vulnerability: Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the IPCC. In J. J. McCarthy, O. F. Canziani, N. A. Leary, D. J. Dokken and K. S. White, eds. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 1000 pp.
  • [2] IPCC. (2007). Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC. In M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E. Hanson, eds. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 976pp.
  • [3] Watson, R.T., Noble, I. R., Bolin, B., Ravindranath, N.H., Verardo, D.J. and Dokken,D.J. (Eds.), (2000). Land use, Land-use Change and Forestry. A Special Report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • [4] Houghton, R.A., Hobbie, J.E., Melillo, J.M., Moore, B., Peterson, B.J., Shaver, G.R. and Woodwell, G.M. (1980). Changes in the carbon content of terrestrial biota and soils between 1860 and 1980: a net release of CO2 to the atmosphere. Ecological Monographs, 53: 235–262.
  • [5] Marland, G., Boden, T.A. and Andres, R.J. (2000). Global, regional, and national CO2 emissions. In: Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change. Oak Ridge, TN: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Available at: http://cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/em_cont.html
  • [6] Angers, D.A., Pesant, A. and Vigneux, J. (1992). Early cropping-induced changes in soil aggregation, organic matter, and microbial biomass. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 56: 115–119.
  • [7] Riffaldi, R., Saviozzi, A., Levi-Minzi, R. and Menchetti, F. (1994). Chemical characteristics of soil after 40 years of continuous maize cultivation. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment, 49: 239–245.
  • [8] Smith, P. (2008). Land use change and soil organic carbon dynamics, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 81: 169–178.
  • [9] Houghton, R.A. (2003). Why are estimates of the terrestrial carbon balance so different? Global Change Biology, 9: 500–509.
  • [10] Bouyoucos, G.J. (1935). The clay ratio as a criterion of susceptibility of soils to erosion. Journal of the American Society of Agronomy, 27: 738-741.
  • [11] Vesterdal, L. and Raulund-Rasmussen, K. (1998). Forest floor chemistry under seven tree species along a soil fertility gradient. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 28:1636–1647.
  • [12] Lee, J., Hopmans, J.W., Rolston, D.E., Baer, S.G. and Six, J. (2009). Determining soil carbon stock changes: Simple bulk density corrections fail. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 134: 251–256.
  • [13] Jordan, A., Zavala, L. M., and Gil, J. (2010). Effects of mulching on soil physical properties and runoff under semi-arid conditions. Catena, 81, 77–85.
  • [14] Moscatelli, M. C., Di Tizio, A., Marinari, S., and Grego, S. (2007). Microbial indicators related to soil carbon in Mediterranean land use systems. Soil and Tillage Research, 97: 51–59.
  • [15] Smith, P., Martino, D., Cai, Z., Gwary, D., Janzen, H., Kumar, P., McCarl, B., Ogle, S., O’Mara, F., Rice, C. et al. (2008). Greenhouse gas mitigation in agriculture. Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society of B Biological Sciences, 363:789–813.
  • [16] Paustian, K., Collins, H.P. and Paul, E.A. (1997). Management controls on soil carbon. In: Paul, E.A., Paustian, K., Elliot, E.T., Cole, C.V. eds. Soil Organic Matter in Temperate Agroecosystems. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 15–49.
  • [17] Reicosky, D.C., Dugas, W.A. and Torbert, H.A. (1997). Tillage-induced soil carbon dioxide loss from different cropping systems, Soil and Tillage Research, 41: 105–118.
  • [18] Bruce, J., P., Frome, M., Haites, E., Janzen, H., Lal, R. and Paustian, K. (1999). Carbon sequestration in soils. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 54: 382–389.
  • [19] Wilts, A.R., Reicosky, D.C., Allmaras, R.R. and Clapp, C.E. (2004). Long-term corn residue effects: harvest alternatives, soil carbon turnover, and root-derived carbon. Soil Science Society of American Journal, 68:1342–1351.
  • [20] Celik, I. (2004). Land-use effects on organic matter and physical properties of soil in a southern Mediterranean highland of Turkey. Soil and Tillage Research, 83: 270–277.
  • [21] Sariyildiz, T. and Anderson, J.M. (2003). Interactions between litter quality, decomposition and soil fertility: a laboratory study. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 35: 391-399.
  • [22] Sariyildiz, T., Anderson, J.M. and Kucuk, M. (2005). Effects of tree species and topography on soil chemistry, litter quality and decomposition in Northeast Turkey. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 37: 1695- 1706.
  • [23] Sariyildiz, T. and Kuçuk, M. (2008). Litter mass loss rates in deciduous and coniferous trees in Artvin, northeast Turkey: relationships with litter quality, microclimate and soil characteristics. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 32: 547-559.
  • [24] Thuille, A. and Schulze, E.D. (2006). Carbon dynamics in successional and afforested spruce stands in Thuringia and the Alps. Global Change Biology, 12: 325–342.
  • [25] Cote, L., Brown, S., Par´e, D., Fyles, J. and Bauhus, J. (2000). Dynamics of carbon and nitrogen mineralization in relation to stand type, stand age and soil texture in the boreal mixedwood. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 32: 1079–1090.
  • [26] McLauchlan, K. K. (2006). Effect of soil texture on soil carbon and nitrogen dynamic after cessation of agriculture, Geoderma, 136: 289–299.

A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils

Year 2018, Volume 2, Issue 2, 51 - 60, 29.12.2018
https://doi.org/10.38088/jise.456673

Abstract

Land use type and change cause perturbation of the ecosystem and can influence the Carbon (C) stocks and fluxes. In particularly, conversion of forest to agricultural ecosystems affects several soil properties but especially soil organic carbon (SOC) concentration and stock. In this present study, main aim was to assess the differences in soil organic carbon and total nitrogen contents and stock capacities in adjacent cultivated land (wheat production-CS), agriculture (walnut garden- WS and apple garden-AS), forestland (black pine-BS) and mixture of cultivated + poplar (CS+PS) lands. Soil samples were collected from six soil depths (0-5 cm, 5-10 cm, 10-15 cm, 15-20 cm, 20-25 cm, 25-30 cm) and analyzed for soil pH, soil texture, bulk density, soil organic carbon (SOC) and total nitrogen (TN) contents and stock capacities. Results showed that the BS had the highest mean SOC (9.52%), followed by the WS (4.84%), the CS + PS (4.83%), the CS (4.43%) and AS (3.85%). Mean TN content was also highest in the BS (0.63%) followed by the CS (0.157%), the AS (0.154%), the CS + PS (0.147%) and the WS (0.131%). Mean SOC stock capacity was highest for the BS (246 mg C ha-1), followed by the WS (146 mg C ha-1), the CS + PS (141 mg C ha-1), the CS (132 mg C ha-1) and the AS (111 mg C ha-1). Mean total N stock capacity was 4.70 mg N ha-1 for the CS, 4.37 mg N ha-1 for the AS, 4.28 mg N ha-1 for the CS + PS, 4.14 mg N ha-1 for the BS and 3.93 mg N ha-1 for the WS. In conclusion, the results indicate that land use type can significantly influence the soil organic carbon and total nitrogen dynamics in the northeast part of Turkey.

References

  • [1] IPCC. (2001). Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation & Vulnerability: Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the IPCC. In J. J. McCarthy, O. F. Canziani, N. A. Leary, D. J. Dokken and K. S. White, eds. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 1000 pp.
  • [2] IPCC. (2007). Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC. In M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E. Hanson, eds. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 976pp.
  • [3] Watson, R.T., Noble, I. R., Bolin, B., Ravindranath, N.H., Verardo, D.J. and Dokken,D.J. (Eds.), (2000). Land use, Land-use Change and Forestry. A Special Report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • [4] Houghton, R.A., Hobbie, J.E., Melillo, J.M., Moore, B., Peterson, B.J., Shaver, G.R. and Woodwell, G.M. (1980). Changes in the carbon content of terrestrial biota and soils between 1860 and 1980: a net release of CO2 to the atmosphere. Ecological Monographs, 53: 235–262.
  • [5] Marland, G., Boden, T.A. and Andres, R.J. (2000). Global, regional, and national CO2 emissions. In: Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change. Oak Ridge, TN: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Available at: http://cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/em_cont.html
  • [6] Angers, D.A., Pesant, A. and Vigneux, J. (1992). Early cropping-induced changes in soil aggregation, organic matter, and microbial biomass. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 56: 115–119.
  • [7] Riffaldi, R., Saviozzi, A., Levi-Minzi, R. and Menchetti, F. (1994). Chemical characteristics of soil after 40 years of continuous maize cultivation. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment, 49: 239–245.
  • [8] Smith, P. (2008). Land use change and soil organic carbon dynamics, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 81: 169–178.
  • [9] Houghton, R.A. (2003). Why are estimates of the terrestrial carbon balance so different? Global Change Biology, 9: 500–509.
  • [10] Bouyoucos, G.J. (1935). The clay ratio as a criterion of susceptibility of soils to erosion. Journal of the American Society of Agronomy, 27: 738-741.
  • [11] Vesterdal, L. and Raulund-Rasmussen, K. (1998). Forest floor chemistry under seven tree species along a soil fertility gradient. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 28:1636–1647.
  • [12] Lee, J., Hopmans, J.W., Rolston, D.E., Baer, S.G. and Six, J. (2009). Determining soil carbon stock changes: Simple bulk density corrections fail. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 134: 251–256.
  • [13] Jordan, A., Zavala, L. M., and Gil, J. (2010). Effects of mulching on soil physical properties and runoff under semi-arid conditions. Catena, 81, 77–85.
  • [14] Moscatelli, M. C., Di Tizio, A., Marinari, S., and Grego, S. (2007). Microbial indicators related to soil carbon in Mediterranean land use systems. Soil and Tillage Research, 97: 51–59.
  • [15] Smith, P., Martino, D., Cai, Z., Gwary, D., Janzen, H., Kumar, P., McCarl, B., Ogle, S., O’Mara, F., Rice, C. et al. (2008). Greenhouse gas mitigation in agriculture. Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society of B Biological Sciences, 363:789–813.
  • [16] Paustian, K., Collins, H.P. and Paul, E.A. (1997). Management controls on soil carbon. In: Paul, E.A., Paustian, K., Elliot, E.T., Cole, C.V. eds. Soil Organic Matter in Temperate Agroecosystems. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 15–49.
  • [17] Reicosky, D.C., Dugas, W.A. and Torbert, H.A. (1997). Tillage-induced soil carbon dioxide loss from different cropping systems, Soil and Tillage Research, 41: 105–118.
  • [18] Bruce, J., P., Frome, M., Haites, E., Janzen, H., Lal, R. and Paustian, K. (1999). Carbon sequestration in soils. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 54: 382–389.
  • [19] Wilts, A.R., Reicosky, D.C., Allmaras, R.R. and Clapp, C.E. (2004). Long-term corn residue effects: harvest alternatives, soil carbon turnover, and root-derived carbon. Soil Science Society of American Journal, 68:1342–1351.
  • [20] Celik, I. (2004). Land-use effects on organic matter and physical properties of soil in a southern Mediterranean highland of Turkey. Soil and Tillage Research, 83: 270–277.
  • [21] Sariyildiz, T. and Anderson, J.M. (2003). Interactions between litter quality, decomposition and soil fertility: a laboratory study. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 35: 391-399.
  • [22] Sariyildiz, T., Anderson, J.M. and Kucuk, M. (2005). Effects of tree species and topography on soil chemistry, litter quality and decomposition in Northeast Turkey. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 37: 1695- 1706.
  • [23] Sariyildiz, T. and Kuçuk, M. (2008). Litter mass loss rates in deciduous and coniferous trees in Artvin, northeast Turkey: relationships with litter quality, microclimate and soil characteristics. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 32: 547-559.
  • [24] Thuille, A. and Schulze, E.D. (2006). Carbon dynamics in successional and afforested spruce stands in Thuringia and the Alps. Global Change Biology, 12: 325–342.
  • [25] Cote, L., Brown, S., Par´e, D., Fyles, J. and Bauhus, J. (2000). Dynamics of carbon and nitrogen mineralization in relation to stand type, stand age and soil texture in the boreal mixedwood. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 32: 1079–1090.
  • [26] McLauchlan, K. K. (2006). Effect of soil texture on soil carbon and nitrogen dynamic after cessation of agriculture, Geoderma, 136: 289–299.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Gamze SAVACI
KASTAMONU UNIVERSITY
Türkiye


Temel SARIYILDIZ (Primary Author)
BURSA TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-3451-3229
Türkiye

Publication Date December 29, 2018
Published in Issue Year 2018, Volume 2, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { jise456673, journal = {Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-4217}, address = {ursa Technical University, Mimar Sinan Campus, Mimar Sinan Mah. Mimar Sinan Blv. Eflak Cad. No:177 16310 Yıldırım, Bursa / Turkey}, publisher = {Bursa Technical University}, year = {2018}, volume = {2}, pages = {51 - 60}, doi = {10.38088/jise.456673}, title = {A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils}, key = {cite}, author = {Savacı, Gamze and Sarıyıldız, Temel} }
APA Savacı, G. & Sarıyıldız, T. (2018). A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils . Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering , 2 (2) , 51-60 . DOI: 10.38088/jise.456673
MLA Savacı, G. , Sarıyıldız, T. "A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils" . Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering 2 (2018 ): 51-60 <http://jise.btu.edu.tr/en/pub/issue/41605/456673>
Chicago Savacı, G. , Sarıyıldız, T. "A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils". Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering 2 (2018 ): 51-60
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils AU - Gamze Savacı , Temel Sarıyıldız Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.38088/jise.456673 DO - 10.38088/jise.456673 T2 - Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 51 EP - 60 VL - 2 IS - 2 SN - -2602-4217 M3 - doi: 10.38088/jise.456673 UR - https://doi.org/10.38088/jise.456673 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils %A Gamze Savacı , Temel Sarıyıldız %T A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils %D 2018 %J Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering %P -2602-4217 %V 2 %N 2 %R doi: 10.38088/jise.456673 %U 10.38088/jise.456673
ISNAD Savacı, Gamze , Sarıyıldız, Temel . "A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils". Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering 2 / 2 (December 2018): 51-60 . https://doi.org/10.38088/jise.456673
AMA Savacı G. , Sarıyıldız T. A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils. JISE. 2018; 2(2): 51-60.
Vancouver Savacı G. , Sarıyıldız T. A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils. Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering. 2018; 2(2): 51-60.
IEEE G. Savacı and T. Sarıyıldız , "A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils", Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 51-60, Dec. 2018, doi:10.38088/jise.456673


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