Yıl 2018, Cilt 2, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 51 - 60 2018-12-31

A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils

Gamze Savacı [1] , Temel Sarıyıldız [2]

10 28

Land use type and change cause perturbation of the ecosystem and can influence the Carbon (C) stocks and fluxes. In particularly, conversion of forest to agricultural ecosystems affects several soil properties but especially soil organic carbon (SOC) concentration and stock. In this present study, main aim was to assess the differences in soil organic carbon and total nitrogen contents and stock capacities in adjacent cultivated land (wheat production-CS), agriculture (walnut garden- WS and apple garden-AS), forestland (black pine-BS) and mixture of cultivated + poplar (CS+PS) lands. Soil samples were collected from six soil depths (0-5 cm, 5-10 cm, 10-15 cm, 15-20 cm, 20-25 cm, 25-30 cm) and analyzed for soil pH, soil texture, bulk density, soil organic carbon (SOC) and total nitrogen (TN) contents and stock capacities. Results showed that the BS had the highest mean SOC (9.52%), followed by the WS (4.84%), the CS + PS (4.83%), the CS (4.43%) and AS (3.85%). Mean TN content was also highest in the BS (0.63%) followed by the CS (0.157%), the AS (0.154%), the CS + PS (0.147%) and the WS (0.131%). Mean SOC stock capacity was highest for the BS (246 mg C ha-1), followed by the WS (146 mg C ha-1), the CS + PS (141 mg C ha-1), the CS (132 mg C ha-1) and the AS (111 mg C ha-1). Mean total N stock capacity was 4.70 mg N ha-1 for the CS, 4.37 mg N ha-1 for the AS, 4.28 mg N ha-1 for the CS + PS, 4.14 mg N ha-1 for the BS and 3.93 mg N ha-1 for the WS. In conclusion, the results indicate that land use type can significantly influence the soil organic carbon and total nitrogen dynamics in the northeast part of Turkey.

Forest soil, Agriculture soil, Soil organic carbon, Total nitrogen, Stock capacity
  • [1] IPCC. (2001). Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation & Vulnerability: Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the IPCC. In J. J. McCarthy, O. F. Canziani, N. A. Leary, D. J. Dokken and K. S. White, eds. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 1000 pp.
  • [2] IPCC. (2007). Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC. In M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E. Hanson, eds. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 976pp.
  • [3] Watson, R.T., Noble, I. R., Bolin, B., Ravindranath, N.H., Verardo, D.J. and Dokken,D.J. (Eds.), (2000). Land use, Land-use Change and Forestry. A Special Report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • [4] Houghton, R.A., Hobbie, J.E., Melillo, J.M., Moore, B., Peterson, B.J., Shaver, G.R. and Woodwell, G.M. (1980). Changes in the carbon content of terrestrial biota and soils between 1860 and 1980: a net release of CO2 to the atmosphere. Ecological Monographs, 53: 235–262.
  • [5] Marland, G., Boden, T.A. and Andres, R.J. (2000). Global, regional, and national CO2 emissions. In: Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change. Oak Ridge, TN: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Available at: http://cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/em_cont.html
  • [6] Angers, D.A., Pesant, A. and Vigneux, J. (1992). Early cropping-induced changes in soil aggregation, organic matter, and microbial biomass. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 56: 115–119.
  • [7] Riffaldi, R., Saviozzi, A., Levi-Minzi, R. and Menchetti, F. (1994). Chemical characteristics of soil after 40 years of continuous maize cultivation. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment, 49: 239–245.
  • [8] Smith, P. (2008). Land use change and soil organic carbon dynamics, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 81: 169–178.
  • [9] Houghton, R.A. (2003). Why are estimates of the terrestrial carbon balance so different? Global Change Biology, 9: 500–509.
  • [10] Bouyoucos, G.J. (1935). The clay ratio as a criterion of susceptibility of soils to erosion. Journal of the American Society of Agronomy, 27: 738-741.
  • [11] Vesterdal, L. and Raulund-Rasmussen, K. (1998). Forest floor chemistry under seven tree species along a soil fertility gradient. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 28:1636–1647.
  • [12] Lee, J., Hopmans, J.W., Rolston, D.E., Baer, S.G. and Six, J. (2009). Determining soil carbon stock changes: Simple bulk density corrections fail. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 134: 251–256.
  • [13] Jordan, A., Zavala, L. M., and Gil, J. (2010). Effects of mulching on soil physical properties and runoff under semi-arid conditions. Catena, 81, 77–85.
  • [14] Moscatelli, M. C., Di Tizio, A., Marinari, S., and Grego, S. (2007). Microbial indicators related to soil carbon in Mediterranean land use systems. Soil and Tillage Research, 97: 51–59.
  • [15] Smith, P., Martino, D., Cai, Z., Gwary, D., Janzen, H., Kumar, P., McCarl, B., Ogle, S., O’Mara, F., Rice, C. et al. (2008). Greenhouse gas mitigation in agriculture. Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society of B Biological Sciences, 363:789–813.
  • [16] Paustian, K., Collins, H.P. and Paul, E.A. (1997). Management controls on soil carbon. In: Paul, E.A., Paustian, K., Elliot, E.T., Cole, C.V. eds. Soil Organic Matter in Temperate Agroecosystems. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 15–49.
  • [17] Reicosky, D.C., Dugas, W.A. and Torbert, H.A. (1997). Tillage-induced soil carbon dioxide loss from different cropping systems, Soil and Tillage Research, 41: 105–118.
  • [18] Bruce, J., P., Frome, M., Haites, E., Janzen, H., Lal, R. and Paustian, K. (1999). Carbon sequestration in soils. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 54: 382–389.
  • [19] Wilts, A.R., Reicosky, D.C., Allmaras, R.R. and Clapp, C.E. (2004). Long-term corn residue effects: harvest alternatives, soil carbon turnover, and root-derived carbon. Soil Science Society of American Journal, 68:1342–1351.
  • [20] Celik, I. (2004). Land-use effects on organic matter and physical properties of soil in a southern Mediterranean highland of Turkey. Soil and Tillage Research, 83: 270–277.
  • [21] Sariyildiz, T. and Anderson, J.M. (2003). Interactions between litter quality, decomposition and soil fertility: a laboratory study. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 35: 391-399.
  • [22] Sariyildiz, T., Anderson, J.M. and Kucuk, M. (2005). Effects of tree species and topography on soil chemistry, litter quality and decomposition in Northeast Turkey. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 37: 1695- 1706.
  • [23] Sariyildiz, T. and Kuçuk, M. (2008). Litter mass loss rates in deciduous and coniferous trees in Artvin, northeast Turkey: relationships with litter quality, microclimate and soil characteristics. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 32: 547-559.
  • [24] Thuille, A. and Schulze, E.D. (2006). Carbon dynamics in successional and afforested spruce stands in Thuringia and the Alps. Global Change Biology, 12: 325–342.
  • [25] Cote, L., Brown, S., Par´e, D., Fyles, J. and Bauhus, J. (2000). Dynamics of carbon and nitrogen mineralization in relation to stand type, stand age and soil texture in the boreal mixedwood. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 32: 1079–1090.
  • [26] McLauchlan, K. K. (2006). Effect of soil texture on soil carbon and nitrogen dynamic after cessation of agriculture, Geoderma, 136: 289–299.
Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik
Dergi Bölümü Research Articles
Yazarlar

Yazar: Gamze Savacı
Kurum: KASTAMONU UNIVERSITY
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3451-3229
Yazar: Temel Sarıyıldız (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: BURSA TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jise456673, journal = {Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering (JISE)}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-4217}, address = {Bursa Teknik Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {2}, pages = {51 - 60}, doi = {}, title = {A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils}, key = {cite}, author = {Sarıyıldız, Temel and Savacı, Gamze} }
APA Savacı, G , Sarıyıldız, T . (2018). A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils. Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering (JISE), 2 (2), 51-60. Retrieved from http://jise.btu.edu.tr/issue/41605/456673
MLA Savacı, G , Sarıyıldız, T . "A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils". Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering (JISE) 2 (2018): 51-60 <http://jise.btu.edu.tr/issue/41605/456673>
Chicago Savacı, G , Sarıyıldız, T . "A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils". Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering (JISE) 2 (2018): 51-60
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils AU - Gamze Savacı , Temel Sarıyıldız Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering (JISE) JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 51 EP - 60 VL - 2 IS - 2 SN - -2602-4217 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering (JISE) A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils %A Gamze Savacı , Temel Sarıyıldız %T A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils %D 2018 %J Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering (JISE) %P -2602-4217 %V 2 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Savacı, Gamze , Sarıyıldız, Temel . "A comparison of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stock capacity in adjacent cultivated, agriculture and forest soils". Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering (JISE) 2 / 2 (Aralık 2019): 51-60.